Slovenia: Country and Foreign Investment
History, Population, Language and Culture
Ancestors to present-day Slovenes settled in the region in the 6th century, and the principality of Carantania was formed in the 7th century. The region fell under foreign rule from the 9th century, including partial control by Bavarian dukes and the Republic of Venice. Slovenia formed part of the Habsburg Empire from the 14th century until 1918, but the region managed to resist German influence and retained its own culture and language.
Slovenia formed part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from 1918, which became the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. The kingdom fell at the end of World War II, and became a communist state under President Tito. Following Tito’s death in 1980, Slovenia moved towards democracy despite opposition from Yugoslavia’s central government, and declared independence on June 25, 1991. A 10-day war followed, but Yugoslav forces withdrew from Slovenia in the face of stiff resistance.
The population was estimated to be 1,996,617 in July 2012. Slovenes make up around 83% of the population, with around 2% ,Serbs, 2% Croats and 1% Bosniaks. The remaining 12% includes Hungarians, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Albanians, Italians and Roma.
The official language is Slovenian.
The main religion in Slovenia is Catholicism (approximately 60% of the population); other religions include Islam and the Orthodox Church. Slovenia has a fine cultural history of literature, painting and sculpture. The country is also associated with the renowned Lipizzaner horses – the breed takes its name from an early stud farm established in the village of Lipica.