Poland: Country and Foreign Investment
Internet and Telecommunications
This page was last updated on 30 November 2020.
Poland’s liberalised telecommunications market has seen considerable development in the broadband and mobile sectors. Liberalization of the Polish telecoms market was completed in 2003, the year before the country’s admission to the EU. Since then there has been considerable development in the broadband and mobile sectors. Orange Polska (formerly Telekomunikacja Polska, founded in 1991) dominates the landline and broadband markets and has invested in fibre infrastructure to support the growing adoption of bundled services.
In recent years, long-term evolution networks have greatly expanded and mobile data services have been further developed. Fifth-generation (5G) mobile networks with 700MHz spectrum are expected to be available in mid-2022.
Coverage of mobile phones is generally good, although there are some areas in the east of the country that are still not particularly well served.
According to various sources, internet access in Poland is among the most expensive in Europe. Nevertheless, voice over internet protocol (VOIP) services are gaining in popularity in Poland.
The broadcasting market in Poland, meanwhile, is the largest in central and eastern Europe, with freedom of information permitted, subject to certain restrictions (mainly to do with certain types of commentary on the government).
Public broadcaster TVP operates two national channels, regional programming, and the international satellite channel TV Polonia. Polsat and TVN operate the leading commercial TV channels, with the former also offering a digital pay-TV platform. A further pay-TV platform is provided by Cyfra+.