Lithuania: Country and Foreign Investment
History, Population, Language and Culture
Lithuania was united as a country in 1236, and by the end of the 14th century was the largest state in Europe. A union with Poland in the 16th century survived until 1795, but the country was not again independent until after World War I, only to be occupied by Russia in 1944.
The country regained independence in 1991 after the dissolution of the USSR, and joined the EU in 2004 along with seven other Eastern European countries.
The population was 3.54m in July 2010, divided approximately as to: Lithuanian 84%, Polish 6%, Russian 7%, and other 3%.
Lithuanian is the official language, and 80% of the population are Roman Catholics.