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Liberia: Country and Foreign Investment

Geography

This page was last updated on 21 September 2020.

Liberia is on the west coast of Africa, with the Atlantic Ocean to the south and southwest. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to the northwest, Guinea to the north and the Ivory Coast (officially known by its French name, ‘Côte d'Ivoire’) to the east. Liberia has an area of 111,369 sq. km (43,000 sq. miles). The 560 km (348 miles) Atlantic coastline is characterised by sandy beach lagoons, mangrove swamps, and sandbars. Lying parallel to the shore are three distinct belts: a low coastal belt is well watered by shallow lagoons, tidal creeks and mangrove swamps; then comes a gently undulating plateau, 500-800m high, partly covered with dense forests; finally, inland and to the north, is a mountain region which includes Mount Nimba at 1,752m and Waulo Mountain at 1,400m.

The capital city of Monrovia, with an estimated population of around 1m in 2011, has one of the world's largest natural harbours, and is amongst the most modern ports on the west coast of Africa. Other sea ports include Harper, Greeneville and Buchanan.

The climate is tropical, hot and humid. There are dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights. Summers are wet and cloudy with frequent heavy showers.

 

 

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