India Business, Taxation and Offshore Information
Classical Indian culture was formed under a series of civilizations in the last three thousand years BC; the Gupta dynasty in the 4th to 6th centuries AD saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. The invasion of Muslim armies caused great destruction, though things settled down into the Delhi Sultanate in the 10th and 11th centuries; later the Moghul dynasty ruled India from 1500 to the late 18th century.
European powers began to infiltrate India from the 17th century onwards, initially engaging in trade. The British East India Company ran what amounted to its own government in India during the 18th century and the first part of the 19th century. By degrees Britain became the dominant power in India, and by the middle of the 19th century India was counted as a part of the British Empire.
An overwhelmingly non-violent independence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru came into fruition in 1947. Two states were created: secular, Hindu-majority India and at that point secular but Muslim-dominated Pakistan. Somewhat unwisely, the latter was split into West and East Pakistan, separated by more than 1,000 miles of Indian territory. More »