Greece: Country and Foreign Investment
History, Population, Language and Culture
Greece was culturally notable in ancient times and, as home to the first advanced civilizations in Europe, is often considered as the birthplace of Western civilization. Philosophy, science, and literature all saw big advances in ancient Greece, while Athenian democracy is one of the first known democracies (although voting was still limited to about 1 in 6 of the population). The ancient Greek influence on the burgeoning Roman Empire was marked, while Alexander the Great's campaigns also took Greek ideas eastward.
The split of the Roman Empire, and subsequent collapse of its Western half, led to the Hellenistic world becoming powerful and influential once more, as the Greek-speaking Byzantine Empire was a global power for a thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. The Greek War of Independence saw liberation from the Ottoman Empire and the formation of modern Greece in 1829.
Nowadays, Greece has a population of around 11 million people. 227 of the country's islands are inhabited, though only 78 of those have more than 100 inhabitants. Modern Greek is the only official language and is spoken by 99.5% of the population.