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Estonia Business, Taxation and Offshore Information

Estonia is in Eastern Europe; it has an area of 45,000 sq km and a population of just over 1.3 million. It has coasts on the Gulf of Finland to the north and the Baltic Sea to the west; to the south lies Latvia and Russia is the east. The official language is Estonian.

The president is usually elected for a five-year term, although a second term is permitted. Since 2016, the incumbent has been Kersti Kaljulaid, the first female president.

Estonia’s five major cargo ports – and Tallinn especially – are key players in trade in the Baltic Sea region, and in trade between Russia and Western Europe. Business sectors in Estonia include engineering, electronics, wood products, textiles, information technology and telecommunications. More »


Estonia Knowledge Base

Estonia: Country and Foreign Investment
A quick overview of Estonia - its history, geography, and business advantages.
Estonia Executive Summary »
Estonia Geography »
Estonia History, Population, Language and Culture »
Estonia Government »
Estonia Economy and Currency »
Estonia Entry and Residence »
Estonia Business Environment »
Estonia Investment Incentives »

Estonia: Types of Company
A look at various types of company in Estonia, providing options to suit different business needs.
Estonia Company Introduction »
Estonia Private Limited Company »
Estonia Public Limited Company »
Estonia General Partnership »
Estonia Limited Partnership »
Estonia Sole Proprietorship »
Estonia Branches »

Estonia: Tax-Efficient Sectors
These pages examine tax-efficient sectors in Estonia, in order to identify which business forms have available tax incentives.
Estonia Tax-Efficient Business Forms »
Estonia Tax-Privileged Business Sectors »

Estonia: Law of Offshore
A hub for information about the main laws and statutes affecting offshore and non-resident businesses in Estonia.
Estonia Table of Statutes »
Estonia Law on Free Zones »

Estonia: Domestic Corporate Taxation
A guide detailing the scope and rate of taxes affecting companies in Estonia.
Estonia Scope of Income Tax »
Estonia Income Tax Rates »
Estonia Calculation of Taxable Base »
Estonia Filing Requirements and Payment of Tax »
Estonia Withholding Taxes »
Estonia Sales Taxes and VAT »

Estonia: Personal Taxation
An overview of applicable taxes for individuals in Estonia.
Estonia Residence and Liability for Taxation »
Estonia Rates of Income Tax »
Estonia Social Security Taxes »
Estonia Property Taxes »
Estonia Inheritance and Gift Taxes »

Estonia: Double Tax Treaties
Treaties and international agreements that Estonia has in place, to mitigate the effects of double taxation.
Estonia Tax Treaty Introduction »
Estonia Table of Double Tax Treaties »
Estonia Other International Agreements »

Estonia: Related Information
Other useful information pertinent to Estonia.
Map of Estonia »