Denmark: Country and Foreign Investment
History, Population, Language and Culture
Denmark was first inhabited around 12,500 BC by hunter-gatherers and fishermen, and by 3900 BC there is more widespread evidence of agriculture. Around Roman times, the area was occupied by Jutes and Danes, leading to the modern names of Jutland and Denmark.
From the 8th to the 11th centuries, Danish mariners (along with those from Norway and Sweden) took part in a number of seaborne invasions across northern Europe. Known as Vikings, Norsemen, or Varangians, these invaders were responsible for forming the Norman Kingdom in France (who would go on to conquer Britain under William the Conqueror), the Kievan Rus' (a precurssor to the modern countries of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia), and had kings controlling England during the period 1013-1042 (Sweyn Forkbeard, Cnut, Harold Harefoot, and Harthacnut).
Denmark spent a large portion of the middle ages in a union with either Norway, Sweden, or both countries. During World War II, Iceland gained independence from Denmark while the Danes were occupied by Nazi Germany.
Denmark has a population of over 5.6 million people, with about a quarter of Danes living in Copenhagen, the capital. The Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish languages are mutually intelligible with one another, though Danish is considered much closer to Norwegian.