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Canada: Country and Foreign Investment

Geography

This page was last updated on 5 June 2019.

With an area of 9,984,670 sq. km (though 891,163 sq. km of this is inland water), Canada is the world’s second largest country, marginally larger than the USA and China. Canada borders on the contiguous United States to the south – the longest unfortified border in the world – the Pacific Ocean to the west, the US state of Alaska to the north-west, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

Canada is formed of relatively flat low-lying plateaux, particularly in the south, with mountain ranges reaching as high as 5,959m above sea level in the west. It has the longest coastline of any country in the world, and has a wide variety of maritime and inland terrains.

Canada benefits from rich mineral resources, particularly coal, copper, diamonds, gold, iron ore, lead, molybdenum, nickel, petroleum, potash, silver and zinc. Its territories are also rich with fish, wildlife, timber and natural gas. Due to its expansive lakes, rivers and tributaries, the country takes advantage of hydroelectric power generation.

The country is divided into ten provinces and three territories, each with its respective capital city. The national capital is Ottawa.

 

 

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