Bermuda: Country and Foreign Investment
This page was last updated on 1 August 2019.
Bermuda comprises a group of small islands in the west Atlantic Ocean 1,070km east-southeast of North Carolina and 1,600km northwest of the Bahamas. Bermuda should not be confused with either the West Indies or the Caribbean; it is part of neither.
The 181 islands evolved from the remnants of a thick layer of Aeolian limestone. The coral deposits found there are the most northerly in the world. An extinct volcano lies submerged along the islands' southeastern perimeter in the shape of a fish hook. The islands are hilly and the highest point is 80m at Town Hill in Smith's parish.
A series of bridges connect the main islands which cover a total area of 52km2. There are no rivers or freshwater lakes in Bermuda. The rainfall is sufficient for local agriculture and falls evenly over the year. Most buildings store rainwater in underground tanks and supplies will be further boosted after proposed desalination plants are completed.
The islands are warmed by the Gulf Stream, which helps to keep the climate mild and humid. The average minimum temperature is of 8°C and maximum of 32°. There is no frost and sea breezes provide relief from the high temperatures. Vegetation is lush despite the shallow soil distributed over the islands.