Aruba: Country and Foreign Investment
Population, Language and Culture
The population of Aruba stands at approximately 109,153 people (2013 est). The official language is Dutch although a native dialect known as Papiamento is also spoken. Most Arubans are also fluent in Spanish and English. 82% of the population are Roman Catholic. Ethnically, the population is 80% mixed black, the balance being Carib Amerindian, white and East Asian.
The island was discovered by the Spanish in 1499; the peaceful native inhabitants, a tribe of Arawak Indians, were mostly transported to Hispaniola. In 1642 Aruba fell to the Dutch. The English took Aruba briefly in 1805 but Dutch rule was restored in 1816.