You Can't Escape; Resistance is Futile
Jeremy Hetherington-Gore Unleashed
02 November, 2008
Individual citizens, except at the highest levels of wealth, are firmly rooted within the nation state of their birth, due to inertia, language, family ties and culture, allowing nation states to tax them with little fear that they will decamp to rival countries. At least, that is true during their productive (and most tax-generative) years. In retirement, people have more choices. Recent surveys have shown that astonishingly high proportions of people in high-taxed countries such as the UK would leave if they could, and many are preparing the way by buying properties in countries which they see as being more welcoming (warmer, less expensive and less taxing).
There are long term trends which will gradually break down the convenient access nation states have to the income and assets of their citizens, including:
- the ease of tele-working (you can work for a Berlin company as a consultant while living in Malta);
- the fleet-footedness of companies, noted above, which can quickly remove taxable activity from a high-taxing jurisdiction, making it far harder for the jurisdiction to tax their residents' income streams from such a company;
- the rapid growth of virtual (Internet) economic activity, which is often hard to attribute to any particular taxing jurisdiction; and
- the growth in individual wealth, leading to higher and higher proportions of 'rentier' income, allowing individuals to base themselves in low-taxing jurisdictions while providing paid-for services to supplement income.
It is not easy to forecast how this combination of trends (and others) will work out, but it seems unavoidable at least that the taxing countries will reach an agreed international solution, possibly based on residence periods. Thus, there could be universal taxation based on physical residence (you live in the Comoros Islands for six days in a year, you will pay tax on 6/365 of your global income to the Comoros, at their rate of income taxation). There will be no corporate tax ('People pay taxes, not companies' - Mrs Thatcher, c. 1980), withholding taxes, VAT or double tax treaties (not needed).
Alongside some kind of globalisation of personal taxation, it is reasonable also to expect that there will be a global currency, and world-wide insurance for health-care, pensions etc, with such 'social' benefits being provided by global, private companies rather than by nation states.
There are some pre-conditions to such a system, however, including (something inevitable) that individuals will have tamper-proof biometric identification, that financial flows will be fully transparent, and that language will have ceased to be a barrier to human interaction. These conditions are likely to have been fulfilled by 2030, so that is the probable timescale of personal fiscal globalisation.
Once it has happened, it will be left to countries only to compete in terms of what they can offer individuals: the local income taxation rate, and non-economic goods such as quality of life, law and order, planning and zoning, and 'culture'.
In the medium term there may still be national safety nets for individuals and families; longer-term, they are likely to become part of a globalized welfare system.
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