Guernsey ICCs, Captives Use Increases For 'Longevity Risk'
by Jason Gorringe, Lowtax.net, London
11 March, 2016
Guernsey Finance has published a white paper that highlights the increasing use of Guernsey captive insurance companies and Guernsey-based incorporated cell companies (ICC) to manage "longevity risk".
Longevity risk is the risk of people out-living the provision they have made for their retirement. This risk has become a growing burden, particularly for closed defined benefit schemes or final salary schemes.
According to the white paper, authored by insurance journalist Helen Yates, finding solutions to pension longevity risk has become an area of high growth for Guernsey's financial services sector ever since the British Telecom Pension Scheme (BTPS) entered into a GBP16bn transaction to transfer a quarter of its longevity risk to Prudential Insurance Company of America in July 2014. In order to transfer the risk to Prudential, BT established its own captive insurer, a Guernsey-based incorporated cell company (ICC), allowing it to access the reinsurance market directly without paying a bank or insurer to act as an intermediary. The deal was significant, both in terms of its size and its innovative use of an ICC structure.
In the white paper, Paul Eaton, New Business Director at Artex Risk Solutions, explains that longevity has been hedged by transferring the risk for many years, but the use of captive insurers is a recent phenomenon.
"Historically, commercial insurance companies or banks would be the intermediaries and they would access the reinsurance market to find capacity. What's happened over time is that the loading intermediaries applied to the transaction have led some schemes to look for a more cost effective way of reaching the reinsurance capacity, and this is where establishing your own insurance company comes into play," said Eaton.
The ICC has subsequently become the structure of choice, the report says. It explains that each ICC has a core, which is owned by the sponsor of the ICC, and surrounding the core are a potentially unlimited number of cells, each of which can be set up for separate captive-type business and owned, or licensed, by other parties. Eaton said the preference for ICCs had been instigated by reinsurers requiring absolute certainty that there is no contamination risk between cells.
"Pension schemes are also aware they may require additional longevity transactions in a number of years' time, as their portfolio matures, so it helps to have a vehicle that is already in place to which you can add further cells," he said.
The benefit of going down the captive or ICC route, rather than using an insurer or bank to access the reinsurance market, is that it is easier to do business with just one reinsurance counterparty, explained Ian Aley, Senior Consultant at Towers Watson.
"If you are a commercial organization with multiple product lines that expects to write more business in the future, you probably want to spread your credit risk limits thinly across a number of reinsurers," said Aley.
"But if you're a pension scheme hedging your longevity risk to a reinsurer, you're very comfortable to take an acceptable level of credit risk with any one reinsurer, and the same applies in the other direction. One of the advantages of the captive is you can access the most efficient reinsurance price without having to take an average of three to six - which bumps the price up," he added.
See all of today's news