Qatar: Country and Foreign Investment
Qatar is a Middle Eastern peninsula jutting north into the Persian Gulf. The country shares a border with Saudi Arabia, and is located between Bahrain to the northwest and the United Arab Emirates to the southeast; Iran lies north across the water.
The climate is mild in winter (October-April), but intensely hot and at times humid in the summer months, with temperatures reaching in excess of 55°C. Rain averages 100mm per year, falling mostly in the winter months. The peninsula is prone to occasional violent dust storms. Qatar’s water supply comes mainly from desalinated seawater.
The terrain is largely flat, rocky desert with shifting sands, and with salt flats around the coast. The limestone hills in the north and west of the country reach an altitude of 130 feet, while huge sand dunes are a characteristic of the southeast and continue to move southward in the prevailing winds. Agriculture is concentrated in the north and central areas of Qatar, where rainwater-draining basins are located.
The capital city is Doha; the city is one of five ports, the others being Umm Said, Al Khor, Al Wakrah, and Ras Laffan.