Malta: Country and Foreign Investment
The Maltese Islands are situated in the Mediterranean Sea, about 100 km from Sicily and 290 km from North Africa. The inhabited islands comprise Malta (390 sq km) Gozo (65 sq km) and Comino (2.5 sq km). Gozo is less industrialised and considerably greener than Malta; it is reached by ferry from Malta. The climate is warm with an average of 300 days of sunshine each year. Average temperatures range between 14°C in winter and 32°C in summer. Rainfall averages around 590 mm.
The landscape is characterised by a series of low, rocky hills and slopes towards the northeast and low-lying land to the southeast. The capital is Valletta where the Grand Harbour is located; the important Malta Freeport at Marsaxlokk Bay is not far away. There are a number of lesser harbours. The international airport is at Luqa, 5 km from Valletta.