Madeira: Country and Foreign Investment
During the fascist dictatorship of Salazar, Madeira had little autonomy, but since 1976 Madeira has been an autonomous region of metropolitan Portugal with its own local Parliament, legislature and elected officials who are responsible for all matters of government with the exception of foreign affairs and international relations, these remaining the exclusive domain of the central government in Lisbon.
The Portuguese central government exercises control through a 'Minister of the Republic' who is appointed and dismissed by the President of Portugal. The Minister of the Republic resides in Funchal, and when regional Portuguese matters are being discussed represents Madeira at the forum known as the Council of Ministers. The government of Madeira is headed by a President who is appointed by the Minister of the Republic. Usually the leader of the party that wins the election is the individual to be appointed President.
Madeira has enjoyed great political stability, with the same party in power since 1976.
Madeira is a civil law jurisdiction. Private law is derived from the Napoleonic code.