Liechtenstein: Country and Foreign Investment
Population, Language and Culture
The population of Liechtenstein is 37,009 (July 2013 est), most of them living in the capital, Vaduz. The official language is German and there is also an Alemannic dialect. English and French are quite widely spoken. Ethnically, Liechtenstein is 90% Alemannic, with small groups of Italian, Turkish and other races. There is a large expatriate population.
Liechtenstein has been settled since Neolithic times. The Romans occupied the Principality from 15th to the 5th centuries BC, being succeeded by the Aleamanni. In the Middle Ages Liechtenstein passed through various different hands, finally being acquired by the present ruling family in 1712. Liechtenstein became a Principality in 1719, and a sovereign state in 1806.
Culturally, Liechtenstein is quite similar to the Germanic cantons of Switzerland that lie alongside it. Indeed, Switzerland is responsible for the defence of Liechtenstein, which also shares its currency, a customs union, diplomatic representation, and many aspects of social and business infrastructure. The monetary union of Liechtenstein and Switzerland took place in 1980. The Roman Catholic religion is dominant.