Guernsey: Country and Foreign Investment
The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes the inhabited islands of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqou and Lihou. Guernsey itself is the second largest of the Channel Islands and is roughly triangular in shape. It is situated in the Gulf of St Malo 130 kilometres south of England and only 48 kilometres west of Normandy, France. The island has a land area of 65 sq. km.
Guernsey rises in steps from a plateau in the north to ragged cliffs about 90 metres above sea level. It is drained mainly by northward-flowing streams into deeply-incised valleys. In the low-lying north, the soil is made up of blown sand, raised beach deposits and the fill of old lagoons.
Guernsey enjoys a maritime climate; snow and severe frost are rare. Annual rainfall is between 75 and 90 centimetres, but water on the island is sometimes in short supply, being supplemented by seawater distillation.
The main town is St Peter Port, which has the character of a traditional fishing village, and is overlooked by the mediaeval Castle Cornet.