Cyprus: Types of Company
A 'local trust' is governed by the Cyprus Trustees Law Cap 193, which closely follows the English Trustee Act 1925. The settlor and beneficiaries are normally residents of Cyprus, and the trust and its property are subject to exchange controls, although these are vestigial since Cyprus joined the EU.
Offshore Trusts are the same as local trusts, but their beneficiaries must be non-resident, and all the trust's activities must be outside Cyprus. As with 'offshore' companies, the special tax status of offshore companies has ceased with Cyprus's accession to the EU.
The International Trusts Law of 1992 brought Cyprus trust law into line with that of other major international trust jurisdictions. Both settlor and beneficiaries must be non-resident, although one Trustee must be Cypriot. International trusts may have many tax and legal advantages.