Telecommunications were first introduced to Brunei Darussalam as early as 1920 with the installation of international wireless telegraph circuit linking Brunei Darussalam to Labuan. The first telephone service was introduced in the 1930s linking the British Residence Office and his residence.
Jabatan Telekom Brunei was established as a government department in 1952 and has been responsible for the development of communication systems and infrastructure and for the drastic transformation in telecommunication services especially after the county’s independence in 1984.
Presently, Brunei Darussalam has one of the most advanced telecommunication facilities in this region with the fixed line telephone density second only to Singapore. Brunei Darussalam has an extensive network of external plant consisting of copper and fibre optic cables, completely digital exchanges with adequate international connectivity via the satellite system and the fibre optics submarine cable systems.
In preparation for the corporatisation of JTB, Telekom Brunei Berhad (TelBru) was established in June 2002. Under the Telecommunication Successor Company Order, TelBru was the designated telecommunication successor company to take over the operations of telecommunication services from JTB on the date of corporatisation.
A regulatory body, the Authority for Info-Communication Technology Industry of Brunei Darussalam (AiTi) was also established to administer the regulatory function and development of the Info-Communication industry in Brunei Darussalam.
The Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry of Brunei Darussalam (AiTi) was established under the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry of Brunei Darussalam Order 2001. AiTi began operating on 1st January 2003.
The functions and duties of AiTi are stated in Section 6 of the AiTi Order 2001. The core functions of AiTi are:
- to exercise licensing and regulatory functions with respect to telecommunication system and services in Brunei Darussalam;
- to efficiently manage the national radio frequency spectrum;
- to contribute towards diversification and development of the economy through the development and growth of the ICT industry of the country.
From March 2007, the E-Government Technical Authority Body (EGTAB) was formed to function as the e-government “Think Tank”.
EGTAB's Functions are:
- Advisory Role
- Program Management
- ICT Industry Development Role
- ICT Human Capacity Development Role
- To serve as ICT Technical authority in developing technical policies and setting standards, having the legitimate authority to enforce and drive the implementation of the strategic directions
- To facilitate inter-agency projects collaboration between Ministries to enable e-Government system integration